The Bagua Mountain National Scenic Area is best known for hosting the black colored Sakya Big Buddha. The scenic area is located in the Changhua side of Bagua Mountain and the black Buddha is the most important landmark and symbol of Changhua and the National Scenic Area.
The gigantic sitting Buddha was built in 1961. It is about 72 feet tall, making it one of the biggest Buddha statues in Asia during those times. The base on which the huge Buddha sits is made up of six levels, the lowest level of which is a worship area. The rest of the levels are dedicated to showing on exhibit the lifeworks of Buddha. Seated in lotus position, the big Buddha is flanked by a large stone gate and two huge lion statues in front, an aquarium and Jiulong Pond beside, and a hall and piece of woodland behind. Farther behind are two 8-story pagodas that offer a stunning view of the city for all who come to visit. The area simply gives out a sense of peace and tranquility. Also surrounding the big Buddha are parks, gift shops, restaurants, cultural exhibitions, a boulevard, tourist center and multimedia center.
The Bagua Mountain Range is shared by Changhua County (60%) and Nantou County (40%). The Bagua area is made up of more than ten cities and towns, which include Changhua, Nantou, Huatan, Fenyuen, Tacun, Yuanlin, Tianzhong, and so on. Due to its position, Bagua Mountain, which is actually a plateau, used to be a military guard point in earlier times. In 1894 during the 20th year of Emperor Kuang Shu’s rule, the Chinese-Japanese War broke out and eventually Japan won the control of Taiwan. The Taiwanese did not want to be occupied by Japan and so they organized their own army to fight the invaders. One of the biggest battles between the Taiwanese and Japanese armies happened on Bagua Mountain. The military guard point on Bagua proved to have worked in favor of the Taiwanese but eventually the Japanese prevailed. After World War II, Japan destroyed the military base and replaced it with the giant Buddha.
Today, a Memorial Park and Memorial Hall sit on Bagua Mountain in memory of the brave Taiwanese heroes who stood their ground against the Japanese Imperial Army. On exhibit are two old cannons that were actually used during the war.
The Bagua Mountain National Scenic Area is about 22-hectares wide. Aside from the Giant Buddha and Jiulong Pond, the area covers the Bagua Mountain Park, Chiang Kai-shek Park, Baozang Temple, Bishan Rock, Fushan Rock, and Qingshui Rock, among others.
The Bagua Mountain National Scenic Area is just one of the many natural treasures on Nantou County, located in Central Taiwan, Nantou is known for its natural attractions, which include the world-famous Sun Moon Lake and a number of mountains, valleys and waterfalls, including several national parks and traditional villages such as the Aowanda National Forest Recreation Area, Hehuanshan National Forest Recreation Area, Jiujiu Peak Nature Reserve, Atayal Resort and Formosa Aboriginal Culture Village. These are all must-see attractions, especially the landmarks on Bagua Mountain.