There are several ways of getting around Oman. The first thing the tourist should know is that getting around Oman by boat is not really common, unless you are simply heading to, say, Masira Island from the coast. Otherwise, the other modes of transport are far more common as well as convenient.
Getting around Oman by plane is possible. The country had 130 airports already by 2012, with 12 of them having paved runways, and there are regular flights within it for domestic travel. Take note that most of the flights naturally go from one major city to another. For instance, the national carrier provides regular flights that transfer people from the capital city to another major city, Salalah, and back. Helicopter travel is far less common, by comparison, but not unheard of.
Getting around Oman on land is probably the best way to go for tourists. The country has over 53,000 kilometres of roadways, with more than 23,000 of those being paved. There are several options in this area. The first option is to hire a car from an agency, if you feel like driving yourself around (although some agencies also exist that provide drivers or chauffeurs for hire: this is eminently convenient, but also far more expensive). Most people who do decide to drive themselves around the country have learned to be careful about their vehicle rental choices by basing them on the parts of the country to which they intend to go. This is because many of the roads outside of the big urban areas are unpaved: they run through some marvellous desert or scrubland if you are interested in getting a view of the country’s landscape, but they are not ideal for cars like sedans and similar vehicles. If you do plan to leave the cities during your drive, keep that in mind and hire a vehicle that can take more rugged terrain.
Another option would be to hire a taxi if your goal is intra-city travel. There are a lot of taxis in Oman and they are relatively reliable. The only difficulty is that they can be expensive and, in the case of the unmetered cabs, pretty confusing to deal with when it comes to pricing. If you are good at haggling, you just might haggle a good price out of the latter prior to the trip, but you should also keep in mind that really low pricing shall signal to the driver that he is permitted to take other passengers along on the same trip, to make up the balance.
Finally, getting around Oman by bus is another option available to you. There are two possibilities here: you might take the regular buses operating along their routes-these usually run from city to city-or you might take the buses referred to as “Baisa” ones. These are smaller buses (sometimes, large cars) and are generally for those going around a city instead of from one city to another, but they are cheaper. The only caveat is that you should take care to sit next to someone of your own gender unless it is a very close friend or someone with whom you are travelling: women and men typically sit only next to persons of the same gender unless the preceding qualifiers apply and it is best to observe this to be safe from misunderstandings.