The weather in Pakistan is marvellously varied, with the Pakistan climate taking on different types due to the wide range of zones the country possesses. It is a huge country, after all, at one and a half times the size of France and with both impressive plains and peaks. While a good deal of the country is in fact quite arid, the temperatures start to cool as one moves to the northwest, developing into an arctic chill to the northernmost parts or the mountains. This is a place that can also produce surprises despite its location in what is called “the temperate zone”: the hottest confirmed temperature reading in Asia (a blistering 128.3 degrees Fahrenheit) was taken here, in Mohenjo-daro.
If you are trying to plan your trip to Pakistan and want to visit the country during the best months possible, it is best to aim for either the winter or the spring. Winter in Pakistan runs from December to February, and can get fairly cold, hovering just a few degrees above zero in most of the country and going below zero in the north. As such, you should be careful to plan for a chilly visit if you do come to the country at this time, and be certain to pack some heavy winter wear.
Spring, on the other hand, actually comes on almost like summer in some places. March, April and May are the spring months, and they are often hot and rarely accompanied by showers. In some areas of the country, specifically in the capital, hail is actually more likely at this time than a drizzle as the following season, the southwest monsoon season, threatens. This next season, June to September, is one most travellers are advised to avoid at all costs. Pakistan can receive some frightful rains during this time and there have in fact been several infamous floods in recent years at this time of year that caused massive devastation throughout the country and several of the major cities. The 2010 floods that saw a torrential downpour running from the 28th to the 31st of July in that year, for example, actually managed to kill hundreds of Pakistanis, washed off over 15% of the country’s land, obliterated nearly 1.9 million domiciles, and forced at least 6 million of the country’s inhabitants out of their homes and lands. Granted, few floods in the country’s history could even come close to this record, but flooding does happen fairly often and it is simply wise to avoid the possibility altogether.
The final season is that of the retreating monsoon, when the rains and storms begin to subside. Running from October to the month of November, this is still a time when the weather in Pakistan can get quite wet, with many places experiencing tropical rains. Still, this is on the whole a less perilous season for your visit than the southwest monsoon season, so it is a little safer than the months that precede it, and may certainly be taken advantage of by travellers seeking out hotel and accommodation discounts. A word of warning, though: you should check to see which areas are still dealing with the after-effects of possible floods from the preceding months.