Located in the Southwest coast of Taiwan, the Taijiang National Park encompasses within its 4,905 hectares of land area and 39, 310 hectares of sea area, the coastal waters and the estuaries of Qigu River, Zengwen River, Lu’ermen River and the Yanshui River.
Established in 2009, the park is home to the famous Black-Faced Spoonbill Conservation Area and the Qigu Wetlands. It is one of the eight national parks in Taiwan and one of the famous eco-tourism destinations in Tainan.
The Taijiang National Park is ideal for families and groups looking for an outdoor type of adventure to do together. You can explore the mangrove forests, survey the sandbanks, wonder at the estuaries and visit the wetlands. If you love birds and their chirping sounds are music to your ear, you can also go bird-watching. And because mangroves in Tainan are used by certain animals as migration point, you can also observe the activities of rare animals in the park.
The Taijiang National Park is indeed one of the best observation areas for rich marine wildlife resources, diverse flora as well as land ecological resources. Some of the species found are discussed below.
MARINE WILDLIFE RESOURCES
In 1998, the Wetlands Taiwan discovered about 205 species of shellfish, 49 crab species and 240 species of fish in the river mouths of Zengwen River and Luermen River, further increasing the park’s ecological value. They have also noted that the abundant supply of food growing naturally in the wetlands makes it an appealing place for these creatures to stay in.
The wetlands attract wild creatures, shrimps, fish and shellfish among others. The Sicao wetlands alone has at least 10 species of Fiddler crab, which makes the Yanshui River mouth to be the only place in the whole country to have that high a number of fiddler crab species.
There are also numerous species of plants growing in the park. In 2005, the Wild Bird Society of Tainan and Kaohsiung Wild Bird Society found in the Dasicao area 205 species of plant, 151 genera, 55 families-a good number of rare types including four types of mangrove.
Most of the salt fields, fish ponds and land area of the park were formed through over 200 years of river deposits. These areas are part of the migration route of many Asian birds that thousands of birds pass through and migrate along the route every autumn and winter. Surveys done by the Wild Bird Society of Tainan prove that over 200 species of birds including the black-faced spoonbill bird are seen in the park each year. The birds are mostly found in the Zengwen River, Qigu River mouth, Qigu salt fields, Jiangjun River mouth, Beimen salt fields, Jishui River mouth and Bazhang River mouth.
There are also species of migrating mammals and amphibians seen in the park throughout the years. Those that have been recorded include the Japanese House Bat, house shrew, Taiwan Bandicoot Rat, Spectacled Toad, Chinese Bullfrog, Rice Field Frog, Ornate Toad and many other kinds of reptiles.
Indeed, you and your family will not only have an opportunity to commune with nature when you visit the Taijiang National Park but you’ll also have a chance to know more about them, making the experience totally educational as well as environmentally spiritual.