Locally known as Kota Belanda, the historic Dutch Fort in Pangkor Island is located in Teluk Gedung, on the southern part of Pangkor town, particularly southwest of the island. According to Dutch records, the old fort was originally called Dindinghs Fort, named after the Dindingh River, the major river in the district of Manjung, Perak. The Fort plays a huge part in the history of Pangkor Island and the entire Perak province. It is also a significant historic monument in memory of the bravery and courage of Malay warriors against foreign possession of their land.
Because of the location of Pangkor Island, it was a suitable site for the Dutch to build a garrison for their weapons and supply of tin. Long before, the state of Perak was once the main producer of tin in all of Malaysia. Hence, to take over and monopolize its trade, the Dutch Fort in Pangkor Island was built to block their competitors from trading in Perak. Built in 1670 by the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch were the first inhabitants of the island and the island was mainly used to prevent the English from occupying the place. According to William Dampier, the Dutch Fort resembled a house with thick walls made of stone and a towering height of about 30 feet and covered overhead. [Read more…]