Clearly the single most enigmatic, revered and visited structure in Indonesia is Candi Borobudur, the largest Buddhist Temple in all of Southeast Asia. No one is quite sure what this hill-top structure represents. The name “Borobudur” could be referring to the nearby village of Bore, a namesake of Buddha, or probably the ancient temple called Bhumi Sambhara Bhudhara, which means “The Mountain of Combined Virtues of the Ten Stages of Boddhisattvahood”. The title “Candi” is loosely given to any ancient structure. Borobudur is located northwest of Yogyakarta in Central Java. It stands between two volcanoes and two rivers. Legends say that this elevated area was considered sacred Javanese ground. People from all over the world must visit Borobudur for its history, architecture and grandeur.
No one really knows who built Borobudur, when and for what reasons. Based on studies made on the inscriptions and carved reliefs, it was estimated that this majestic temple was built sometime between 760 and 830 AD during the Sailendra Dynasty. It was also estimated that construction took 75 long years. History also proves that a number of Hindu and Buddhist monuments were constructed in the Kedu Plain around this time. [Read more…]