When Angkor Thom is directly translated, is means the “great city” in Khmer. This royal Buddhist city from the 12th Century is famed because of the grand Temple of Bayon. Aside from the Bayon Temple, it has several other sights of interest as well. Angkor Thom was initiated by Jayavarman VII, known to be Angkor’s most famous and greatest king who reigned from 1181 to 1219. He came to power after the fall of the prior Khmer capital by the Chams. During the height of his reign as king, the city had about a million people residing in the metropolis and its surrounding areas.
The city was built in a nearly perfect and neat square. All of its sides were protected by a square wall called jayagiri that stood at 8 meters high and stretched to 12 kilometers in length. It was also further protected by a 100-meter moat said to contain vicious crocodiles. Today, the moat remains dry. [Read more…]