Packing bags and booking tickets and reservations when planning a getaway seem to be the standard travel operating procedure, but there are other important things that are often overlooked when traveling. Before traveling or visiting a certain place, travelers must be fully equipped with practical information such as language, currency, accommodation, transportation, culture, festivals, people, and probably the most important – weather. It is also very important to plan getaways during the most ideal time to visit a place with temperatures being a major consideration. If you are planning to visit Chennai, be sure to do your homework and find out about the weather in Chennai before traveling.
Chennai, one of the metropolitan cities in India, is found sitting on the Coromandel Coast near the Bay of Bengal in the southern part of the country. It is the fourth most populous district in India and houses the second largest port in the country. Because of this strategic location, Chennai and the nearby towns experience a tropical wet and dry climate because of its close proximity to the thermal equator. Areas found near the thermal equator of the heat equator have more direct exposure to the sun, resulting in longer hot days during the length of summer.
The Chennai climate is normally hot and humid for most of the year with the hottest temperatures occurring at the later part of May through the early days of June. The highest temperature range experienced in this metropolitan city is around 35 to 40 degrees Celsius with a low temperature of 15 to 22 degrees Celsius. The coldest recorded temperature in Chennai is 13.8 degrees Celsius and the hottest at 45 degrees Celsius.
Because of its proximity to the coast, Chennai’s weather does not have extreme variations in seasonal temperatures. It is hot and humid for almost the entire year with an average rainfall of approximately 140 centimeters or 55 inches. The highest recorded rainfall was in 2005 which was at 257 centimeters high or 101 inches.
From mid-October to mid-December, the area experiences seasonal monsoons carried from the northeast. Sometimes, tropical cyclone storms would also hit the city during these times.
Chennai has always had problems with water, such as water supply shortages, since the people in this area highly rely on the seasonal monsoon rains to replenish their water reservoir. The only open source of water is the sea and there are no major rivers in the area, which makes it even more difficult. Several projects have been launched by the Chennai Metrowater in Anna Nagar Rain Centre to address this issue, such as harvesting rainwater from heavy and consistent monsoons. This project has greatly reduced water shortages and has encouraged many other projects, like the recent Telugu Ganga Project, that seeks to relocate water from overflowing rivers like the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh to Chennai. India’s largest desalination plant can also be found in Chennai which helps increase the city’s water supply.
Weather in Chennai is typically windy from April until October with winds coming in from the northeast. The hottest time in Chennai would be from late May to early June, which is locally known by Chennaites as Agni Nakshatram (Fire Star) or Kathiri Veyyil. January is the coolest time of the year and the most ideal time to visit this wonderful city is during January to March.