Opened in September 15 of 1984, the Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall was built to memorialize the heroic men who bravely fought for South Korea in the Incheon battle led by General MacArthur in September 15, 1950. The memorial hall also marks the 100th year anniversary of the Incheon port opening to foreigners since 1883. In addition, it was also opened to increase visitors’ historical knowledge about the Korean War and what really happened during those days.
The Landing Operation of Incheon was a massive triumph for South Korea and the United Nations and has been hailed as one of the most difficult military exercises in the history of World Wars. During the Korean War, South Korea was forced to retreat from North Korean attacks and relocate its capital to the southern port city of Busan. In efforts of a counterattack, Korean and American marines along with the help of other countries hit the city of Incheon. The aim of the operation was risky yet strategic and paid off by leading to the end of the Korean War. The operation turned the entire war around and gave the Allies a chance to retrieve South Korea and its capital, Seoul.
The Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall is equipped with a lounge, a well-designed performance stage and indoor and outdoor exhibition halls. The exhibitions halls are home to a collection of how life was like in Incheon at the time of the war with pictures and videos that make the remembrance all the more authentic. The museum also provides plenty of information about the Battle of Incheon with a display of the actual uniforms, weapons and equipment used during the war. The Memorial does a great job of depicting life of both the North and South Korean army during the war. In addition, a wide range of weaponry represents the difference in lifestyles and weapons between the two Koreas. These then make a fascinating discovery for those who are interested in wars from the past.
The growth and development of Incheon after the war is also displayed on screen. Remnants of the war continue outside the museum with 16 noticeable flags that adorn the structure. These flags represent the countries that helped South Korea during the Korean War. In addition, an 18-meter high memorial tower, statues, tanks, warships and guns that were used during the Korean War can all be seen within the vicinity.
The memorial hall is open from 9 in the morning until 6 in the evening with last admissions only allowed 30 minutes before closing time. It is open from Tuesday to Sunday but is closed during Mondays for maintenance work. Fortunately, there are no admission fees. The memorial hall is located in Ongnyeon-dong, Yeonsu-gu and can be conveniently reached by subway, bus or taxi from any part of the city. The Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall is indeed worth a visit for history buffs that have a deep curiosity about one of the most unforgettable wars in Asia in the past.