The National Taiwan Museum is the oldest museum in the country. Originally called the Taiwan Governor Museum, it was established in 1908 by the Japanese colonial government to mark an important event: the official opening of the North-South Railway. A new building for the museum was constructed in 1915, which became an important landmark in Taipei during those times.
Some parts of the museum were made from black marble and white cypsum, both of which were imported from Japan. The wood used in other parts of the museum was taken from Taiwan Hinoki trees, which grew in the mountains of central Taiwan. Ichiro Nomura, a Japanese architect, designed the new building. Unlike the National Palace Museum, which was built using traditional Chinese architecture, the National Taiwan Museum was made to adapt Renaissance architecture, complete with Doric columns in front and a vaulted roof that reached 30 meters high in the middle.
It stood out as a major architectural accomplishment upon its completion, and no other building like it has ever been built in Taiwan until now. The building has been in existence for almost a century and was declared as a National Heritage in 1998.
The museum has five research departments: earth sciences, botany, anthropology, education, and zoology. It features collections of artifacts that speak of Taiwan’s cultural history. When you visit the museum, you will learn a lot about the history of Taiwan and the factors that have shaped its prevailing culture. Collections of plants and animals indigenous to the country are also put on display, and you will see specimens of plants and animals that grow naturally in the region. The museum serves as an educational platform that informs the public about the rich anthropological and natural heritage of Taiwan through various exhibitions, programs, and publications.
Travel to the National Taiwan Museum is quite easy. It is located at 228 Memorial Park, just across the Taipei Railway Station, so you can take the train, go down at the station, and walk toward the museum. You may also take the MRT Tamsui Line and go down at the National Taiwan University Hospital station.
The museum offers guided tours every day from 10:30 am to 3 pm. Group tours for up to 40 persons may be booked two weeks prior to the scheduled visit. The schedule your group prefers may be changed depending on the museum’s availability. If you wish to book your tours ahead, you may request for an application form through the recommended system. You do not have to pay for admission fees. After you have seen the museum’s great exhibitions, you may buy mementos or museum publications at the souvenir shop on the ground floor.
Persons with disabilities will not find it difficult to go around the National Taiwan Museum as its facilities, such as restrooms, elevators, and walkways, are disabled friendly. The museum also offers a public service program for students from the secondary school to the tertiary level. This involves training for services that have to do with educational program sponsorships, information desk, and order of admission.