Kubrera Cave in Georgia’s break-away republic of Abkhazia is the deepest known cave in the planet. It was named after the Russian geographer, Alexander Kruber. In 2001, the Ukranian Speleological Association measured the distance between the cave’s entrance and its deepest spot at 1,710 meters. The deepest cave before that time was the Lamprechtsofen Cave in the Alps, but it was only 1,632-meters deep (February 2005).
The Georgian cave was again measured in 2004 by the Ukranian association and they came down to a depth of 2,080 meters. Today, the deepest depression is measured at 2,191 meters, which makes Kubrera the only cave in the world that is deeper than 2,000 meters. The lowest portion of the Grand Canyon is only 1,800 meters.
The Ukranian diggers were led by Alexander Klimchouk and he believes that they have not seen the end of Kubrera’s depth and mystery. He said, “The caving game is far from over. It won’t be; not as along as deeper abysses call out to be explored.”
The depth of Kubrera Cave is like submerging one of Georgia’s mighty Caucasus Mountains underground and digging a hole through it. Kubrera’s deepest portion reveals a limestone base that dates back to the time of the dinosaurs.
The cave was discovered in 1960 and received its first international guests and researchers in 1968. It took almost three decades before two branches were discovered, which led to the discovery of a cavern that keeps getting deeper and deeper.
In the separatist republic of Abkhazia, Kubrera Cave is better known as Voronya Cave, which means Crow’s Cave in Russian. Abkhazia is a disputed territory and Georgian officials do not recommend anyone — local or foreign — to even come near the area. It is located on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, which is a very scenic spot but marred by political strife.
People of Abkhazia consider themselves independent from Georgian rule, but this declaration is recognized only by a few nations (Russia, Venezuela, Nauru, Tuvalu, Nicaragua and Vanuata). The Georgian government and the rest of the world, on the other hand, uphold that Abkhazia is a Georgian territory and simply an autonomous region as the case is with the Autonomous Republic of Adjara.
Georgia is found in the Caucasus region and borders the Black Sea to the West. To its south are Turkey and Armenia, north is Russia and east is Azerbaijan. This former Soviet state has a rich history and blessed with magical scenes, sites and views from Mother Nature. The country regained its independence in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed, and almost immediately Georgia opened its doors to international tourism. It has so many to offer to the world, sadly, however, one of its most spectacular natural treasures — the deepest cave in the world — is located in the no-travel zone of Abkhazia.
If the region was not in political conflict, traveling from the capital city of Tbilisi would still have been a long and difficult ride since Abkhazia is more than 300 km away. Today, the Kubrera Cave neither receives tourists nor visitors. Locals have no intentions of investigating it either since the region is now in deep poverty. They would rather use their wealth for things other down climbing down a cave.