The district of Humla is the northernmost region of Nepal and lies along the Tibetan border. It is the remotest part in the country and covers an area of 5,655 square kilometers. Belonging to the Karnali Zone, its headquarters are located in the town of Simikot. It is the last district traversed by The Great Himalaya Trail within Nepal.
The place is so remote that the town of Simikot is accessible only by foot from neighboring districts or by plane. There are no paved roads going to Simikot. It is perhaps the least visited place in Nepal, as only 10% of trekking companies in Kathmandu offer treks to the region.
Buddhists who were originally from Tibet occupy the northern part of the district, which is regarded as an important site for ancient Buddhist practices. Ten villages in the district trace their history from Tibetan origins, making the district very rich in terms of Buddhist culture and practice. The district’s southern area is occupied by Hindus.
The people living in Humla live a challenging life. Most people survive by subsistence farming. The region experiences short seasons for agricultural activities and long and harsh winter seasons, making farming more difficult.
The best part about the district is its incomparable beauty. With magnificent green valleys cuting through its rugged high peaks, wild rivers running across the land, and numerous Rhododendrons covering the terrain, the place is the perfect picture of unspoilt natural beauty. Humla also boasts of diverse wildlife. Aside from these natural treasures, the district has many ancient temples and other places of worship that speak about its rich history.
In spite of its being remote, there are ecotourism activities being offered locally to draw more tourists to the region. In these ecotourism activities, the visitors are guided and toured by trained locals. The earnings from these tours are used to establish health clinics and other structures that the people of Humla need.
The most popular Trek in the region is perhaps the Limi Valley Trek. Depending on the route taken, the trek can take 17 to 25 days including stopovers. Trekkers going to the Limi Valley will have the privilege of seeing spectacular landscapes and experiencing Buddhist and Tibetan cultures in isolated villages. Trekkers may also encounter wildlife such as musk deer and snow leopard. Being rarely influenced by the fast-paced modern life, the Limi Valley will make you feel like you have gone back in time.
The trail takes trekkers through two high passes. These are Nyalu La, which is 4,940 meters high, and Nara La, which is 4,620 meters high. To cross these high passes, trekkers need to make long descents and long climbs. The trail traces part of the old salt trading route along the Nepal–China border. The Limi Valley trek is quite a strenuous one. Thus, it is not to be tried by novices. The amazing landscapes, untouched nature, and preserved ancient culture that trekkers encounter as they go through the Limi Valley trail in Humla are more than enough to make the trek worth the effort.