Found in Sanguem District, close to the Goa-Karnataka border, there lies the fifth highest waterfall in India, the Dudhsagar Waterfalls. It is a four-tiered waterfall at the high point of Mandovi River, just 10 kilometers upstream from the village of Collem. Dudshagar is situated in the heart of the 240-square-kilometer Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary. With the apparent and abundant flora and fauna, the biodiversity in this area is considered one of the richest in the world.
Listed as one of the highest falls in the world, this waterfall takes a plunge down from an overwhelming height of 2000 feet. An aqueduct of South Central Railways passes through Dudhsagar. Surrounded by verdant greens of the Western Ghat forests, it makes the entire scenery dramatic and beautiful. The waterfall can be viewed upon a train travel via Londa-Margao railway path in Delhi-Goa Express or Pune-Ernakulam Express. During monsoon season, it becomes even lovelier as it swells bubbling and foam-like waters, attracting hordes of tourists from different places.
The term ‘Dudhsagar’ is a local word, which means ‘ocean of milk’ and comes from to its incessant milky white downpour. Swimming in Dudhsagar is allowed and during the pleasant season, you can see plenty of people dipping in the calm waters. The waterfalls offer a stunning view at top view, but it even looks spectacular during dawn. The waterfall appears in an almost straight up, crescent-shaped edge, covered with verdant tropical forest. Birds, butterflies, monkeys and bees have taken their own niche here amidst flourishing flora and the many natural pools that formed at the base of the mountain. The picturesque scenery all around Dudhsagar makes it a very popular picnic site. You can find a couple of large pools nearby that attract tourists for bathing or just frolicking in the waters.
Those looking for adventure and thrill may try trekking or traversing the serpentine footpaths of the mountain, although the path is rocky and full of vegetation and water. Despite being a dangerous spot because of its slippery rocks, the site is popular for hiking and trekking. One can reach the end of the trail in about two hours but the experience is definitely worth it. During the trek, you can find a number of small waterfalls. Adjacent to the waterfall is a railway tunnel, carved out from the rocky mountain. It is amazing to see a tunnel and a stunning waterfall in the midst of the greenery. Reaching the endpoint of the tunnel is the Dudhsagar Railroad Bridge, where you can experience a closer view of the majestic waterfall springing from the top.
Several private operators offer special trips to Dudhsagar Waterfalls while the Goa Tourism Development Corporation (GTDC) provides Goa tour packages with Dudhsagar as one of the tour stops. A Dudhsagar Special Tour by GTDC is available every weekend from Calangute and Panaji.
The best way to reach Dudhsagar Waterfalls by road is via a 4-wheel jeep drive from railway intersection Collem village. However, this route is only suggested between January to May, when the water level lets the vehicle reach the base of the waterfalls. However, the usual way to reach it is by taking the train to Margao from Udupi, then to Collem Railway Station.