Kotagede (also spelled as Kota Gede) is an archeological site within the city of Yogyakarta in Central Java, Indonesia. Yogyakarta (also known as Jogjakarta or Jogja) is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia and is popularly known as the country’s center of Javanese art and culture. Its most important tourist attractions are ancient structures and monuments, including Borobudur Temple and Prambanan Temple, which are both included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage sites. Jogja is also known for the Malioboro market, its batik, and traditional puppet shows.
Indonesia has had a long history under the British and the Dutch, and after the Japanese left in 1945, Indonesia finally tasted independence, and Yogyakarta was its first capital city until 1949. Kotagede is an idyllic location that contains the remains of the royal palace, royal cemetery (older than the ancient Imogiri graveyard) and the royal mosque of Mataram. Mataram was the last independent Javanese territory before the Dutch colonized Indonesia. Kota Gede, at one time, was ancient Indonesia’s seat of power and trade. The remaining mosque is believed to have been built in the late 16th Century or early 17th Century. The mosque and cemetery are located within the ancient palace. The site is also known as Pasar Gede. [Read more…]