If you wish to see Mother Nature at its best, freshest and most stunningly picturesque, you should visit Georgia, the country. It has nothing to do with the state of Georgia but everything about majestic mountains, green meadows and rich traditions. There is a number of reasons to visit this country of legends and mysticism. You should start booking your flight but not before learning a few things about the geography and weather in Georgia.
Located in the most curious places in the world, Georgia is found in the mountainous region of the Caucasus, at the crossroad of two mighty continents: Europe and Asia. Caucasus played an important role when international trade and global business activities were conducted on the Silk Road.
At a time when automobiles, international shipping and Internet traffic were not even a figment of anyone’s imagination, ancient merchants and traders traveled in caravans from Europe to China, the rest of Asia and Africa on a path that is now referred to as the Silk Road or Silk Route. Countries in the Caucasus region, including Georgia, served as important places for rest and stopover.
Georgia is a small country, only about the size of West Virginia. It is bordered by the Black Sea (west), Russia (north and east), Azerbaijan (southeast), Armenia (south), and Turkey (southwest). Georgia is an earthquake-prone country. It is rugged, wrinkled and very mountainous. The Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountain ranges run from the Black Sea and Caspian Sea through Georgia and the neighboring countries of Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.
The Greater Caucasus protects Georgia from cold air coming from the north. Georgia climate is warm, pleasant and Mediterranean-like, thanks to the mountains. The western part of the country is humid, due to the warm wet air from the Black Sea, and the eastern area is continental. Areas above 3,500 meters experience snow and ice all year round.
The Black Sea is a significant influence not only on the weather but also on public health. Poor sewage systems polluted the seashore, which in turn caused a rise in intestinal diseases, especially to western cities along the shoreline. Some areas do not have adequate supply of potable water, while in other areas toxic chemicals have polluted the soil. Records show that water pollution on the Black Sea and Mtkvari River is worsening.
Another source of harm to the natural environment is man-made: war. There is a continuing strife in the Abkhazia area to the north, and this had caused substantial ecological damage to the affected areas.
Generally, the best months to visit picturesque Georgia are July and August, but only in areas below 3,000 meters. Up on the mountains, temperatures can drop below zero anytime of the year. In low-lying areas, July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 25°C.
Georgia’s capital city, Tbilisi, is located in the eastern part of the county. While the mountains experience European Alps-like temperature, the climate in the capital city is moderately humid subtropical, typical of many Asian countries. It is this push and pull of the two continents that makes the weather in Georgia so diverse, which makes its tourism industry very lively.